History

History Of Sultan Qutb ud-Din Aibak

History Of Sultan Qutb ud-Din Aibak. Muhammad bin Qasim was the first Muslim conqueror who firwWawinwas vaded India and Pakistan but due to his premature death due to the conspiracies of the court caliphate, he did not get the opportunity to establish an Islamic empire in India and Pakistan. Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi’s Indian conquests were wider, but he also had the opportunity to establish an Islamic opportunity to establish to the extent that he India ach Punjab to the Ghaznavid empire.

Having established an Islamic empire on a solid foundation, Sultan Muhammad Ghori, after winning a glorious victory in the Second Battle of Tarayan, left his Indian possessions under Qutb-ud-Din Aybak and returned to Ghazni. After the death of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, his successor Sultan Ghiyas-ud-Din Mahmud not only freed Qutb-ud-Din Aybak but also elevated him with the title of Sultani.

History Of Sultan Qutb ud-Din Aibak

On the invitation of the citizens of Lahore, Qutbuddin Aibak reached Lahore and took over the government. He ascended the throne in Lahore on the 18th of Ziqaad Tuesday, six hundred and two Hijri. And in Lahore in the year six hundred and seven Hijri, while playing polo, suddenly fell from his horse and d. He was buried in Lahore itself by Sultan Shamsuddin Al-Tamish, who was also his slave and son-in-law.

Arrival of Qutbuddin Aibak in Lahore

A magnificent mausoleum was built on his burial. Sultan Qutbuddin Aibak founded an independent Islamic empire in the Indian subcontinent in six hundred and two Hijri, and in the same year, Sadruddin Muhammad bin Hassan al-Nazami Nisha Puri crowned him. He started writing a history in Persian under the name of Al-Masr. This history is undoubtedly the first history of the subcontinent.

It contains the circumstances of Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghari, Qutbuddin Aibak, and Shamsuddin Al-Tamish. Today we are going to tell you the same story in Urdu language. This story is being presented on your strong mystery. So let’s start this story of Sultan Mohammad Ghori. Located in the Terai, a swampy forest at the foothills of the Himalayas, Muza Tarain is the cantonment of two armies.

History of Islam Preparations for Battle

On one side is Lashkar-e-Islam, which includes one hundred and twenty thousand souls. This includes King Sultan Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori himself. On the other hand, the army of the infidels consists of three hundred thousand horsemen, more than three thousand war elep thants, and innumerable warriors. Prithviraj Chauhan, king of the infidels, is also with his army. And he has the support and support of about two hundred other Hindu kings and nobles.

There are 80,000 infantry and 40,000 cavalry in Lashkar-e-Islam. This number is very less compared to Lashkar Kaffar. On the contrary, the infidel army is much more than the Muslims. He also observed the way of war of Muslims. And Turkish soldiers are also present in it as employees. Moreover, since Lashkar-e-Kaffar had already won the first battle of Tarayan over Lashkar-e-Islam.

The Army of Islam Sultan Mahmud Ghori

That is why their morale is high today. So far there was complete peace between the two armies. And except for the Talaya riders of both armies who were keeping watch around their respective camps and were performing their duties head-on. Both the armies did not feel any movement, but suddenly a young man whose clothes indicated that he was a distinguished officer in the army of Islam came out of the tent of Sultan Mahmud Ghori.

The respected officer who came near him, whose name was Qutbuddin Aibak, said something to the riders in short words, after hearing which the riders immediately dispersed from that place and started to disperse rapidly. It was only ten to fifteen minutes. There was an extraordinary movement in the entire army, the clanging of every hundred weapons began to rise, the flags waved and suddenly the soldiers gathered around the Sultan’s tent.

Partition of Horsemen into Different Parts

Before that, the sultan arranged his army and his army camp in such a way that leaving all the piazzas, horsemen, tents, and shamans three kos behind the battlefield, he advanced with forty thousand . He divided them into four parts and ordered that ten thousand horsemen should attack from four sides and the army should enter the infidels from all directions and slaughter them.

If it happened, the designated troops of Lashkar-e-Islam would have shot arrows at the infidels from the other three sides. Ghamsan fell under the command of Prithviraj, about two hundred princes and nobles were also busy fighting. Initially, the infidel cavalry were able to stop the advance of Muhammad Ghori’s army. The battle continued from sunrise to sunset. Sardar Qutbuddin Aibak’s troops gave great bravery.

Difficulties in Battlefield

Muhammad Ghori’s entire army left behind three kos from the battlefield and also participated in the battle. The armies of the parties kept falling like carrots and radishes. But neither army refused to admit defeat. In the end, Prithviraj reached the heart of Islam’s difficult army. So Muhammad Ghori attacked the infidel army with the help of twelve thousand horsemen. And now the whirlwinds of death and destruction began to dance in the army of the infidels.

From the front, Qutbuddin Aibak’s army also fell on the infidels. The Rajputs became agitated and could not bear the attack of Muhammad Ghori, their ranks were disorganized and they were defeated. Govind Rai was also killed in this battle. The bridge was heavy and the Muslim army was beginning to be defeated, so he turned to the elephant on which Govind Rai, the brother of Prithviraj and the ruler of Delhi, was riding and which was moving steadily forward on the battlefield.

The bravery of Muslim soldiers

He ran and struck Gobind Rai’s face with a spear in such a way that the cursed man’s teeth were broken. The sultan fell from his horse, then a brave Khilji footman who was standing nearby jumped on the horse behind him and took him in his arms, and was able to pull the horse out of the infidels’ grip. After this incident, Islam was defeated. Sultan Muhammad Ghori again faced Prithviraj a year later in this second battle of Tarayan.

Prithviraj was riding an elephant at the beginning of the war. Seeing the signs of defeat, he fled on horseback, but the army of Islam near Saristi region. Sultan Muhammad Ghori’s victory over Prithviraj Chauhan is a landmark event. Prithviraj’s brother was a general who, knowing the spoils of defeat, managed to save his life from death with great difficulty and he also fled in such a state of fear and degradation that even the chain around his neck broke.

Victory of Sultan Muhammad Ghori

After achieving great success in the second war of Tha, Sultan Muhammad Ghori conquered Sarasti fort, and Hansi, Ajmer, the capital of Prithviraj, was arrested and punished the infidels of Diyar Shawmak and his slave Malik Qutbuddin. Aibak stationed his forces in Qila Kahram along with his forces in Cairo and proceeded to his capital Ghazni himself. Qutbuddin Aybak was born in Turkestan to Turkish parents.

As a boy, he was taken to Nishapur by a merchant. Qazi Imam Fakhr al-Din Abdul Aziz Kufi, who was one of the descendants of Imam Azam Abu Hanifah, bought him as a slave. Learned archery and became proficient in Qur’an reading and archery. When the Qazi died, his sons sold him to a merchant who took him to Ghazni where Sultan Muhammad Ghori bought him.

Qualities of Qutbuddin Aibak

Although he was bereft of good looks, his little finger was broken, so he was called Ebak Shil, but bravery, manliness, and generosity were the three qualities that made him his new master. made him his hostage and his position and rank increased day by day. He proved himself so loyal to his master that Sultan Muhammad Ghori handed over the command of a detachment of his army to him. He was also appointed in charge of the Amir Akhor or horse stables.

He rendered valuable services to his master during the Indian campaigns. After winning the second battle of Tarain in 1192 AD, Sultan Muhammad Ghori appointed him the governor of his Indian territories. In this way, he was not only incompetent in terms of the administration of the new conquests, but he also had the authority to expand them. He married the daughter of Tajuddin Yalduz and gave his sister in marriage to Nasiruddin Qabacha.

Second war of Qutbuddin Aibak

After the success in the second war, Qutbuddin Aibak was given the Kahram Jagir. But Aybak’s Aul Al-Azmi did not stop there. It was a sign of his youthfulness and great courage that his eyes were fixed on nothing but the throne. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak planned to attack the fort of Harat i.e. Merit in 588 AH. So he found out that he would be accompanied by the forces of Sultan Muhammad Ghori. Hf returned to Ghazni after setting the fort in Haram.

This is because the number was very low. Therefore, Qutb-ud-Din Aybak started recruiting soldiers soon after the departure of Sultan Muhammad Ghori to increase his army and appointed his childhood friend Kamal-ud-Din as recruiting officer. So Kamal recruited five thousand soldiers in a short period of one month.

Dieticians For war

Kamal’s method of recruitment was in such a way that one day he went to a nearby area for recruitment, and he was accompanied by many military officers, Naqara and Nakarchi. The Lord of Two Worlds be united, the country of India, the king of India, Sultan Muhammad Ghori, the order of the king’s commander in chief, the country of India, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, who is being recited by his chief Kamal-ud-din Samarqandi, receive rewards and honors, after that Sardar Mal.

Al-Din stood on a slightly higher place and said, Sultan Muhammad Ghori is a very God-fearing, just, and generous king. The compassion of this just king towards slaves is proverbial. These are the ones who will be the inheritors of the kingdom after me and will make my name bright. Adil King said these words to his slaves. Qutbuddin, one of the sons, has been appointed as the Governor of his Indian possessions.

History Of Sultan Qutb ud-Din Aibak

Join the army of the same governor and determine your progress. Be ahead of others in doing it Kamaluddin was busy in a town in the town of Kohram recruiting people with his speeches, when two Hindus were talking to each other a few distances away from the recruiting crowd, because We are the sword of the Rajput, one Hindu said to another. It seems strange that we have been defeated by the Muslims.

The main reason for the victory of the Muslims and the defeat of the Hindus is the absence of any political unity in our country. The Hindu replied that at present there is no superior political force in our country that can fight against the Muslims. Our country consists of various small states. And the walls of mutual rivalry are standing, although we are good soldiers, family bias is more active among us.

Recruitment Efforts and Military Strategies

They become willing and in this way, they continue to flaunt their energies. put an end to your differences and come as a united front against the Muslim invaders, as a result, we are getting defeated one after another, and all our bravery is left behind. You have made a very long speech. The first Hindu said, “But I disagree with all your words.

I believe in the argument of your lack of political unity because today we rule over a large area of India. Our majority is from the beginning of Jaipal Anand Pal and Jaipal Shani.” United under the leadership of first Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi and now united under the leadership of Prithviraj Chauhan against Sultan Mahmud Ghori and like before this time too we have lost our mouths. Muslims come from cold countries and used to eat meat.

Realization of the Poor Condition Of Hindus

“Therefore,” said another Hindu, “therefore we make better soldiers than vegetarians. Then our military ground is poor. Our soldiers lack good organization and good weapons. We also rely too much on elephants, and it is mountainous.” Elephants cannot stand against the moving horses of Muslims. We serve the masters wholeheartedly, then we Rajputs put everything at stake and do not distinguish between small and big wars.

Thanks to the obscene mistakes of the Hindu kings, the Muslims got victories. Instead of dying alive, the Hindu kings killed their enemies. Should have fought and defeated them, then the kings should not have gone and fought like a mere army, but like a general should have given instructions keeping in view the map of the battlefield and not being a target of the enemy’s army. The king should have lost the war due to being targeted by the enemy.

Necessities of Better Expansionism

The argument of our military being weak is not correct. If we can, we have further developed the methods of war. This argument is also wrong that we consider the fight as a playground and are bound by the law, but we are not Muslims. We cannot even give an example of our rule of law. Because we have always acted against the rule and the law, the argument of distinguishing between small and big wars is also wrong, while the reality is the opposite.

There were big wars and after defeat in them, we Hindus rose with full force and fought with more army and equipment. If Handke soldiers amid the army held the helm then also thed the command of the army in their hands. It was saved by word of mouth and it is also the law of our times that when a general is defeated, the army also runs away and this rule is also among Hindus and Muslims.

Qutbuddin Aibak’s Appointment as Voiceroyal

He began to listen quietly to the announcement of Kamal. With the efforts of Sardar Kamal Samarkand, thousandsintoople were soon recruited into the army of Malik Qutb-ud-din Aibak. By killing Raj Chauhan, the power of the Rajputs was met, then he gave the Jagir of Kohram to his slave Malik Qutb-ud-Din Aibak Al-Mu’azi. Qutbuddin Aybak resolved to conquer other areas. For this purpose, he also recruited more new Lashkari.

And added five thousand people to his army. A large number of these five thousand soldiers belonged to Muslims from Afghanistan an intention Islamic country. Who came to India only to join the Islamic army. Sultan Muhammad Ghori wanted Qutbuddin Aybak to rule in India. For this reason, the Sultan formally appointed Qutb-ud-Din as his voice royal of India. He was also given the title of Malik. Now Qutb-ud-Din Aybak took the first steps to fulfill this wish of the Sultan, suppressing the rebels in these areas.

which was in the possession of relatives and friends of Prithviraj and his brother Gobind Rai. These areas were Meerut and Delhi. Qutbuddin Aibak’s army had established its fronts in front of Merit Fort. There was a strange situation in the fort. There was not a single Hindu soldier among the more than forty thousand troops in the fort who was not deeply worried. The infidel army was armed and bent on protecting the fort.

Fronts Before Merit Fort

The gates of the fort were closed. The ranks of the commanders on the ramparts and turrets were in order. Gobind Rai’s son Harchand Rai and his brothers were determined to protect the fort till the end. And they were willing to take revenge on the Muslims for their previous defeats. had directed his army officers to guard the fort and collect supplies from the sides. And the work was distributed to everyone.

Therefore, every officer of Lashkar Kaffar was busy performing his duties with great activity. Qutb-ud-Din Aibak set up fronts in front of Merit Fort. Two days had passed and the sun had not yet risen on the third day. By the order of the leader of Lashkar Qutb-ud-din Aibak, his chief Kamal-ud-din Samarqandi sent orders to all the chiefs of his army to attack.

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