History of Great Jalaluddin Khwarazm Shah

Jalaluddin Khwarazm Shah These are two major famous rivers of Central Asia. Sehun River is also known as Ser Darya. And the second river is Jahun, which is known today as the Mango River. And their middle area is called Mawround Canal. Moving north along the banks of the Jahun River, you will see the city of Ganj on the northwestern border of the present Republic of Uzbekistan.

This was the foundation throne of a state called Khorasim several centuries ago. Hello friends, I am Abid Hussain and in this video of today’s Sikh and Janu, we will talk about the rise and fall of the rulers of the same state of Khawarsim Shah and their family tree. From ancient times every ruler of Khwarazm was called Khwarazm Shah.

History of Jalaluddin Khwarazm Shah

According to historical traditions, Khesro was the first king. Who gave the ruler of this state the title of Jalaluddin Khwarazm Shah nine hundred and eighty years before the invasion of Alexander the Great or Alexander the Great? It can be estimated from this tradition how ancient the civilization of Khwarazm is.

Interestingly, this is the only instance in the history of Islam that a title away from Islam remained the same among the rulers of the Islamic era. On the order of the Muslim Caliph Waleed bin Abdul Malik Ambi, Otaiba bin Muslim, may God have mercy on him, went to Khwarazm in 93 Hijri according to 712 AD. The then Khwarazm Shah was the nominal ruler.

History of Islam and Dependence (340-1089 AD)”

His brother Khurzad was the black and white owner of the state. Jalaluddin Khwarazm Shah was very worried about this situation. The arrival of Qutiba bin Muslim Rahma proved to be a good catalyst for Khwarazm Shah. Khwarazm Shah reconciled with Qidama bin Muslim, may God have mercy on him, to get rid of Kharzat. And thus the land of Khwarazm came under the shadow of the Islamic flag without any bloodshed.

After joining the Islamic conquests, along with the rotation of time, different rulers continued to occupy the throne of Khwarazm one after the other. But all of them were in the position of a Subedar under Islamia. However, after a period of time, when the power of the Abbasid Caliphs became distasteful, the rulers here were freed from the caliphate.

There is an opinion that according to some, this first period started from 340 A.D. according to 951 AD and according to some it started from 350 A.D. according to 995 A.D. But this first period ended in 1007 A.D. After the Islamic caliphate, Khwarazm became the first exile or loyalist of the second state. From 995 AD to 998 AD, it was ruled by Abu Ali Al-Ma’mun Ibn Muhammad.

Strategic Alliances and Challenges: Abu al-Abbas Mamun’s Rule and the Ghaznavid Threat”

Its throne or capital was Gurganj in 998 AD. After that, his son Abul Hasan Ali came to power and he continued to rule this state until 1089 AD, but his government was dependent on the Kara Khani state, which was the enemy of the Ghazni government in 1009 AD. On his death, the reigns of power fell into the hands of his brother Abu al-Abbas Mamun.

The greatest threat to Abu al-Abbas Mamun’s rule came in the form of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. Mahmud of Ghaznavi was well aware of the geographical importance of the Kharjans. And the loyalty of the Kharijans to the Qura’ah Khwanis was also attracting Mahmud Ghaznavi towards it. To overcome this problem, Abu al-Abbas married Mahmud Ghaznavi’s sister Hariya Khilji.

“Ghaznavid Conquest and Subjugation: The Fall of Khwarazm and the Rise of Abu Saeed Al-Tanash”

But in the year 1000 A.D., a military coup led to the killing of Abu al-Abbas and his wife Hariya Khilji. And his nephew Khalid Muhammad bin Ali was placed on the throne, but Mahmud Ghaznavi justified the murder of his brother-in-law and sister and attacked Khwarazm and captured the major cities of Nisa and Farawa and made Khwarazm a part of the Ghazni state.

It was added as a province, then the second period of rule over Khwarazm began, in which the Ghaznavids appointed Abu Saeed Al-Tanash as the Amir of Khwarazm province. And Janbar could not succeed. He had two sons, Harun and Isma’il. was ruling, however, in 134 AD, Harun rebelled with the support of the Ghaznavids’ enemies, the Qara-Khwani and the Sal-Jukis, to obtain the title of Khwarazm Shah, but Mas’ud crushed this rebellion through Harun’s guards and killed him.

“Transition of Power: Isma’il’s Rule, Ghaznavid Influence, and the Arrival of Shah Malik”

In this way, the power of Khwarazm fell into the hands of Harun’s brother Isma’il family. Like his brother, Isma’il family also preferred cooperation with Seljuq instead of cooperation with Mas’ud and continued to rule Khwarazm from 1,34 to 1,41 AD. On the other hand, the Ghaznavid ruler Masoud approached Shah Malik, the chief of Aghu Yaqo, and invited him to take up the post of governor of Khwarazm.

forced him to flee to the Seljuks, but the then Seljuk chiefs, Tughral Bey and Chagli Bey, did not let Nabi Shah Malik rest in peace and forced him to withdraw from Khwarazm by 1,42 AD. By AD, the second period of rule over Khwarazm Shah, which was that of the Ghaznavids, also ended. After that, in the third period, the additional power of this region came to the hands of the family, which began with Khwarazm Shah and ended with Sultan Jalaluddin Shah.

“The Stewardship of Khwarazm: Arslan Tagin Muhammad’s Reign and Loyalty to Shah Seljuk”

From forty-two to one thousand seventy-seven AD, the territory of Khwarazm remained under the influence of the Sultanate because the Sultanate was not fully organized, but Sultan Al-Barslan and then Sultan Malik Shah ruled the Seljuk state.Completely regulated and stabilized the borders. For this purpose, Sultan Malik Shah Seljuki, whose role is being shown in the Turkish drama. Oppointed Ghulam Anshtegin, a Turkic descent from the Aghuri tribe of Gajistan, to the governorship of Khwar Zang. He was intelligent, courageous, aka Faheem, who was highly obedient, obedient, and intelligent. From 1770 AD to 1998 AD, Anastagin Kharkai continued to carry out this responsibility till the end.

During Anastagin’s lifetime, his son Arslan Tagin Muhammad alias Qutbuddin was managing Khwarazm on behalf of his father. After his father’s death, he ruled the state for thirty years with great aplomb. And at the time of his new sultan, Shah Sanjar Bin Malik remained loyal to Shah Seljuk. The main reason for this was the interior of the Seljuk Empire, because after the death of Sultan Malik Shah, no sultan could stop the destruction of the Shiraz of this empire.

And taking advantage of this weakness, Cousin Arsalan declared his independence with the fall of Sultan Ahmed Sanjad’s reign. His son Abu al-Fath al-Arsalan succeeded him. During Al-Arslan’s almost sixteen-year reign, there was no significant expansion in the Kingdom of Khwarazm. All his time in power was spent in trying to solve the border disputes and establish amicable relations with the neighboring states. But even in this he did not get any special success.

“The Turbulent Succession: Rise of Sultan Alauddin Taqqash and the Decline of the Seljuk Empire”

And in one thousand one hundred and better AD, Al Arslan met his real creator. With the death of Arsalan, the power wars between his two sons, Sultan Shah and Alauddin Taqqash, began, which continued intermittently for many years, finally ending in the physical death of Sultan Shah and Alauddin Taqqash in 1993 AD.

During this period of civil war which ended in victory, the permanent possession of the capital and Ganj remained with Taqsh, although for a short period the Shah also got control here, but this control was temporary until the death of Sultan Shah, Alauddin Taqsh got China. It was only after his complete separation from his brother that he formally used the title of Sultan with his own name for the first time. All attention is directed towards the external conquests of the popular.

With the rise of the Khwarizm royal power, the Seljuk Empire collapsed and disintegrated into various fragments. And it was declining day by day. Tughr al-Thani was the last representative of the Seljuk power in Iraq. After a few strong attacks, the Taqshs captured his territories. Important cities like Ray Hamdan also came under the control of Khwarazm and the boundaries of Khwarazm state began to touch the borders of Baghdad.

The city of Qazvin was also included in the newly conquered territories of the Khwarazm state. And an impregnable towering mountain in the chain of mountains adjacent to Qazwin, on which was also the Qila Alamut, the center of the followers of Hasan bin Sabah. Sultan Taqash decided to end this temptation in order to save the Muslim Ummah from this temptation.

“The Reign and Challenges of Alauddin Muhammad Khwarazm Shah”

A battle was fought on Qila-ul-Maud. But it was insurmountable. However, Taqsh conquered another of their forts with the sword. In response, the loyalists of Hasan bin Jabah took the opportunity to martyr the minister of Taqsh, Nizam-ul-Mulk Aryu. besieged Tarshish, but no success was achieved for four months. Finally, Sultan Taqsh, amid severe illness, turned to Tarshish for a decisive attack, but before reaching Tarshish, on July 3, twelve hundred AD, this great Sultan after reigning for twenty-eight years,

Left this mortal world. Prince Muhammad Duain continued the siege of Tarshukh despite the death of his father. Finally, the people of Qila were forced to make peace. A peace agreement was reached. The prince lifted the siege and quickly Paya left for the throne in 2nd August 100 AD. Muhammad adopted his father’s title and became Alauddin Muhammad Khwarazm Shah.

Ottoman empire

He ascended the throne of Khwarazm. There was Alexander of his time in Dari, but despite all these virtues, he made a few mistakes due to which all his works were destroyed and the world became a heap of raga from the east to the west. Khwarazm covered the countries of today Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Iran, KPK province of Pakistan and some parts of Baluchistan where the kingdom of Khwarazm was expanding rapidly,

There were Tatars in their neighbors, and Genghis in the upper regions of Asia. Had become strong under the leadership of Khan and these desert tribes had also established their rule over the country of China. provided that opportunity to Genghis Khan became a divine watch over this strong state and broke the kingdom of Khwarazm not only existed but also erected towers of the skulls of the people living in these areas. Sultan Alauddin Muhammad had many wives among them.

The Brave Defender Against Genghis Khan’s Conquest”

Jalaluddin was born in the homeland of an Indian woman. Alauddin Muhammad did not have any male children before. After the birth of Jalaluddin, four sons were born to him from the other three Begums. Whose names are Ruknuddin Ghor Shah Qutbuddin Azlaq Shah Ghiyasuddin Pir Shah and Aagshaza are famous.

After appointing Qutb-ud-Din Aslaq Shah as his successor during his lifetime, Sultan Alauddin Muhammad Khwarazm Shah gave the capital, Mahwaran and Khorasan regions to him. Gave the province of Bamyan, Ghazni Peshawar and adjoining areas to India to Prince Jalaluddin. Balochistan, Makran and Kerman, most of present-day Iran, were assigned to Prince Ghiyasuddin.

And handed over the mountainous regions of Iran adjacent to Iraq to Prince Ruknuddin Ghor Shah. Thus, Khwarazm Shah divided a strong empire into pieces in his lifetime. And to assist in affairs, Prince Jalaluddin was kept with him on the throne. When Genghis Khan began to conquer the territories of the Kingdom of Khwarezm, Jalaluddin was the only prince who stood firm in front of Genghis Khan,

Ottoman empire

He could not resist Genghis Khan for a long time, but Genghis Khan said such words to this brave fearless prince that history has become a fortune. Sabab is blessed who has such a brave son and mothers who are so brave and brave are the mothers. In 1222 AD, Sultan Alauddin Muhammad Khadim Shah died while hiding from the brutal forces, but before his death, he appointed Jalaluddin as his deputy from 1222 AD to 1231 AD. Until his death, Jalal-ud-Din continued to damage Genghis’s forces through raiding operations, but he could not save them.

Ottoman Empire Sultan Muhammad VI
Ottoman Empire Sultan Muhammad VI
Special Branch Punjab Police Jobs
Special Branch Punjab Police Jobs

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Check Also
Back to top button