History

Selim III History of the Ottoman Empire

Sultan Selim III The Sultan of the Ottoman Empire introduced new military reforms in the Empire What were the reforms that made the ancient army Janissaries against the Sultan Due to the opposition of the Janissaries to the Sultan What difficulties did the Sultan face? How did he lead his life, what was his personality, what works did he do for the welfare of the empire.

why did the scholars oppose the Sultan, and what fatwa did the scholars give that led the Sultan to the throne of execution, all these questions and more related to it. readersThe twenty-eighth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Selim III , was born on December 24, 1761, in the capital of the Ottoman Empire, Hassantanya. Sultan Selim III was the son of the twenty-sixth Ottoman Sultan Mustafa the Third.

Sultan Selim III History of the Ottoman Empire

While his mother’s name was Meher Shah Sultan. After the death of Sultan Abdul Majid I, Sultan Selim ascended the throne and became the twenty-eighth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. And the one hundred and seventh caliph of the world of Islam, Sultan Selim III, had seven wives. The Sultan had three sons and two daughters to prevent the decline of the Ottoman Empire and put it on the path of development.

The name of Sultan Selim the mediator is at the top. Translated into the language. Martin Minton wrote in his book History of the Modern Middle East that during the reign of Sultan Selim III, the land and naval forces were reorganized. And this new army was named Nizam Jadiri. With the help of French engineers and gunners, modern cannon factories were established.

Special Minister Kaushik Hussain Pasha

The feudal system was a major obstacle in the way of reforms. For this, Sultan Selim III also abolished the feudal system. However, Sultan Selim III was not very successful in these reforms. Sultan Selim’s special minister Kaushik Hussain Pasha worked on the renovation of the Naval and Artillery Schools and prepared a library for the Artillery Schools in which he updated the art of war and mathematics.

The Sultan was also translating the famous French army books, Engineers and Ban or those Ban on the arts of strength. Also worked on. Sultan Selim III was a man who forgave even his enemies and most of all he forgave those who rebelled in his palace. Because the Sultan also hated injustice. Even if it is against non-Muslims. Sultan Selim III was a great lover of music, an accomplished composer and actor as well.

Turkish Classical Music

Sultan created fourteen murkams, three of which are used in Turkish music today. Sultan Selim’s sixty-four compositions are still famous today. Some of them are regular part of the character of Turkish classical music. In addition to composing music, Sultan Selim Al-Tahal also performed on the red flute and timbre. Sultan Selim’s interest in music started when he was just a prince and he studied with Karaim al-Ahmad Kamila Fandi and Tamburi Azak Efandi.

A relative of Sultan Selim in India, Tipu Sultan was a liberal ruler of a besieged kingdom. He had high loyalty to Emperor Shah Alam II. Tipu Sultan urgently requested help from the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire during the Sur War in the Third Engro. Tipu Sultan suffered an irreparable defeat in this battle. After that, Tipu Sultan started to strengthen his relations with France.

Napoleon invaded Egyp in 1798

In an attempt to meet Tipu Sultan, Napoleon invaded Egypt under the influence of the Ottoman Empire in 1798. Due to which riots started in the Kosan world. The British then appealed to Sultan Selim III to send a letter to Tipu Sultan. In which the besieged Sultanate is requested to stop its war against the British East India Company. Sultan Selim Sohail then wrote a letter to Tipu Sultan criticizing the French.

And also informed Tipu Sultan that the Ottoman Empire was acting as a mediator between Mysore and the British. If he sided with the British against the French, Tipu Sultan wrote twice to Sultan Selim III rejecting the advice of the Ottomans. Unfortunately, however, before most of Tipu Sultan’s letters reached Constantinople, the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War broke out.

The Russians war

Sultan Saleem was blessed by Allah Almighty with countless talents and energy. Sultan made people fall in love with him with his talent. And when the sultan ascended the throne, people had high hopes for him. The Sultan had a lot to do with foreigners. And the Sultan was thoroughly persuaded to reform his state. Austria and Russia gave the Sultan no time to concentrate on anything other than defense.

And after Napoleon’s invasion, Istanbul began to adopt a different attitude. Sultan Salim Swami, upon coming to the throne, only found out that the Ottoman Empire Conflicts outside of Ere greatly damaged the Ottoman Empire. First Great Russo-Turkish War 1768–1774 Russia’s rule, Catherine II, ended the war after demanding that Poland refrain from interfering in its internal affairs. The Russians won impressive victories against the Turks.

The Russians captured Azog, Crimea and Bessarabia and under Field Marshal Pyotr Romantsev defeated the Turks at Moldia and also defeated the Turks in Bulgaria. The Turks were forced to seek peace, which was settled on the Treaty of Kok Kanarka. This treaty freed the Crimean Sultanate from the Turks and advanced Russia’s borders. Russia was now in a stronger position to expand its territory, and in 1783 Catherine unilaterally annexed the Crimean peninsula.

A war again broke out in 1787 on the Russian side with Austria. The Russians won many victories under the leadership of General Alexander Sorf. Because of this, they gained control over the Nene Duster and Dunup rivers. Further Russian successes forced the Turks to sign the Treaty of Jeseri on January 9, 1792. By treaty, Turkey withdrew the western Ukrainian black farms from the Russian coast.

Military Unit Nizam Jadiri

In 1866, when Turkey received Russian governments in Moldavia and Wallachia, war broke out. In this war, the Sultan reinstated the Janissaries. And posted them in the border areas and the capital. Eight years ago, the Janissary army was expelled from these provinces. This ended the best governance in the province in the last hundred years, which neither arms nor diplomacy could restore Ottoman rule.

An entirely new infantry corps was created, fully trained and underarmed to the latest European standards. This military unit is called Nizam Jadiri, which means New Order. It was formed in 1798. This army adopted a method of recruitment that was unusual for imperial forces. This army consisted of Turkish peasants belonging to Janatuliya. The modern regiment, manned and trained by Europeans, was equipped with modern weapons and French-style uniforms.

By eighteen hundred and six, the new army had about twenty-three thousand soldiers. Among them, the modern artillery army was also included. The units of this army performed effectively in minor operations. But Sultan Salim was unable to unite the rest of the forces with the regular army. The Sultan hesitated to deploy this army against his domestic opponents. It limited the role of the army in the defense of the state.

Shaykh al Islam Asadafandi

Which was created for the protection of this state. From the beginning of Sultan Salim’s reign, he began to regard this entire program of military reforms as a threat to his independence and flatly refused to serve with the new army in the field. The sultan was alarmed by how he financed his new forces. Furthermore, the sultan faced opposition from the ulama and other members of the ruling class, who modeled his army on European models.

Shaykh al-Islam Asadafandi was a supporter of modern reforms, but he died in 1877. The new Shaykh al-Islam Attaullah Fandi was under the influence of Janissary, ignorant Sufis, and narrow-minded scholars who were completely ignorant of the knowledge of religion and its spirit. They were not aware of the opposition to the reforms in the name of religion. The European-style organization of the army was called ungodly.

It is a sin to spread hatred against Sultan Salim by saying that he is corrupting Islam by adopting the ways of infidels. Sultan Salim Suwaym was deposed and killed in the year 7. This was the first time that the religious leaders, with their ignorance and imaginary history, created a false imagination of Islam’s meaning of progress.

Was buried next to his father’s grave in the premises of the Lalili Mosque, and thus the Ottoman Sultan, who was the first to impose modernization among Muslims and became a threat to the Jews and Christians, became the sight of his rebellion. Sa Sultan Mila and what achievements he gave. Did the Janissaries take control of the country? Or some Osman Sultan kicked them out.

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