History

Great Seljuk Empire History Malik Shah I 776

Seljuk Empire History Malik Shah I. Around 776 AD, a state came into existence between Eral Si and the name of this state. There were many tribes of nomads living in the boundaries of this state and one of them was the Kanak tribe. Who knew that soon This tribe and its future generations would lay the foundations of a Muslim state whose borders would reach Afghanistan in the east and Afghanistan in the west?

How the Kanak tribe founded the Saljuki state, when which sultan expanded its borders, what is their family tree or genealogy, and when the Sanjuki state fell, who was the commander and chief of the army in the state. were working and were considered among the important and influential people of the state. A child was born to them, who was named Seljuq.

Seljuk Empire History Malik Shah I

Seljuk, like his father, had great power and influence in his clan. For some reason, a conflict arose between the Yabgu state and the Seljuks. So Seljuk along with his tribe migrated from Yabgu state. In the canal, Jhang moved to Jhang city, Jhang was very important from a commercial and religious point of view at that time, by that time Islam had reached here.

Around 985 and 986 AD History, Seljuk along with his tribe accepted Islam and had five children named Arslan Yusuf Yunus and Musa. He was a warrior, so after becoming a Muslim, he first refused to pay taxes to Yabu, a non-Muslim state. Given the military prowess of the Seljuks, the Samanis requested their cooperation against Bagra Khan.

Alp Arslan Seljuk empire Army

With the support of Alp Arslan Seljuk, the Osmans took back Bukhara but it didn’t last long and the whole of the Transnistran passed into the possession of the modern Turkestan Karakhanids. You will find more details in the above link 1077 or 1099 AD. Sarjuk Bey died at a young age and his four sons and two grandsons.

Taghrun Bey and Bey were present in the backward Gan, and after the death of Chagli Bey’s father, Nikah El, he was brought up by his grandfather Seljuk Bey himself. Sarjuk Bay, along with education, also made him an expert in martial arts. While his uncle Arslan became the chief of the Kanak tribe. Time passed. A series of small wars continued between the Karakhanids and the Seljuks.

Conspiracies, Captivity,

But the advantage was almost that of the Seljuks. Finally, around one thousand and twenty-five AD, the Qura Khwanis allied with the Ghaznavis. And together they prepared a conspiracy for the elimination of head jocks. Arslan, the Seljuk chieftain, was invited for peace negotiations. When Arslan and his son Kal Tamiz attended the feast, they were both arrested.

This incident caused chaos in the Kanak tribe. Given the fighting skills of his grandson Tughral Bey, he was made his chief. Until one thousand and thirty-two AD, Tughral Bey’s uncle Arslan died in the captivity of the Ghaznavids when his son Kal Tamiz escaped from the captivity of the Ghaznavids. I succeeded and joined my tribe. Until 1400 AD,

Leadership of Alp Arsalan

The Seljuks under the leadership of Chaghali Bey took away almost all the territories of Central Asia from Mahmud Ghaznavi’s son Masud I. Here the Seljukhistor was officially founded. Appointed the governor of Khorasan and went west to conquer Iranian territories. One thousand forty-six A.D. Yesterday I sent Tamis Arslan with an army to conquer Byzantine territory.

And the conquests of the Byzantine territories in the west also began. By 1551 AD, all Iranian territories, including Isfahan, had become part of Sujuk’s empire. As Sultan in the city of Ray, Iran, while his brother was ruling as the governor of Khorasan and adjacent areas, Sultan Bey had no children, so in 1633 AD, he appointed Chagai Bey’s son Suleiman as his successor.

The Seljuk Empire Under Alp Arsalan and Malik Shah History

Appointed and left this mortal world, but soon Sulaiman’s elder brother Alp Arsalan took over the government from him. To know the detailed life circumstances of Alp Arsalan you can click on the link above. Kal Tamish Arsalan Kah’s cousin competed with alpArslan for the throne, but was unsuccessful. Sultan al-Barslan, together with one of his wise ministers,

Nizam al-Mulk Tusi began conquests towards Syria and Palestine from these areas of the Fatimid Shia Empire. Strengthened the power of the Abbasid caliphs by eliminating them, and turned to conquer the Byzantine territories of Ana Tulia. And the famous Battle of Manzigarh which took place in 1771 AD. It opened the way for a large area of Anatolia to be included in the Sujuk dynasty.

Dynastic Turmoil and Division: Aftermath of Malik Shah’s Reign

Conquests continued in these areas of Ana Tulia by various Seljuk chieftains. While Sultan Alp Arsalan died in 1000 AD. Before his death, Sultan alp Arslan appointed his son Malik Shah as his successor. Foundation of the Empire of Rome In terms of administrative affairs, the Suljuk Empire was working in two parts, the eastern part was ruled by Sultan Malik Shah, and the western part was ruled by Suleiman, but from the generation of Suleiman bin Kaltmiz, fourteen rulers ruled the Sultanate.

Malik Shah was killed in 1922 AD, after which his sons started a war for the throne. His sons continued to rule, but no one could stop this question except Sultan Ahmad Sanjar. During the reign of Sultan Ahmad Sanjar, from 1118 AD to 153 AD, the eastern part of the empire was stable for some time, but With the death of Sultan Ahmad Sanjar, the eastern part of the Saljuki Empire also ended.

Division and Resistance: Fate of the Eastern Sajuki Empire

Sultan Sanjar had no son, so with the death of Sultan Ahmad Sanjar in 157 AD, the eastern part of the Sanjuki Empire was divided into small states. Later, Khwarazm Shah united and founded a new state, which was named the Kingdom of Khwarazm, while the West or the Empire of Rome stood before the Crusaders as a sovereign.

Suleiman died in 1886 Until one thousand and ninety-two AD, Silajiya Rome also came under the control of Sultan Malik Shah, but after the death of Sultan Malik Shah, in thousand and ninety-two AD, the son of Suleiman, Sultan Kalij Arslan took the authority of Silajiya Rome in his hands. Continued to fight the Crusades. And defeated them on different fronts of Anatolia.

Turmoil in the Aftermath of Alp Arsalan and Sanjuki’s Demise

In one thousand one hundred and seven AD, Klej Arslan Sanjuki was killed by Sultan Muhammad Tabal bin Malik Shah of the eastern part. After the death of Kilij Arslan, his son Malik Shah ruled from 1177 AD to 1166 AD which was taken away by his Sultan Masoud by killing him. Sultan Masoud took over the government during the Second Crusades and in these wars, Masoud defeated the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Ottoman Empire

After the death of Sultan Masoud in 156 AD, His son Colleague Arslan took over the race and during the reign of Colleague Arslan II, the Third Crusade began and continued until his death. In one thousand one hundred and eighty-six AD, King Arslan II divided Rome among his eleven sons. And he himself died in 192 AD. After the death of Klej Arslan II, the struggle for the throne began.

Here these brothers started a territorial war with each other. And the Salachka room also began to decline. From 1192 CE to 1237, internal wars continued along with mutual killings. I came, but in 1996, his elder brother Ruknuddin Sulaiman took the government from him. In 5 CE, his uncle Khesro I, from whom his father had succeeded him, regained his power.

The Struggle for Succession in Silajgah Rome

Which lasted until one thousand two hundred and eleven AD. After the death of Khesro I, his son I ruled Rome for 1,220 years. Upon his death, his brother, Cobat I, ruled Rome until one thousand two hundred and thirty-seven AD. Kikubat had three sons and he wanted to make the second son Rukn al-Din Kalij Arslan bin Khusrau his successor.

But after the death of Kikubat in 1237 AD, Ghiyasuddin seized the throne with the support of the great amirs of Anna Tulia. Saaduddin Kopek was also the administrator of the subordinate court in the same period. Meanwhile, the Mongols were also conquering areas from the east and knocking on the borders of Silajgah Rome, and Saad al-Din was planning to capture Silajgah Rome through the Mongol Empire.

I am showing you the characters of the slaughter room. These are the Khiesru of Ghiyasuddin, whose niece Halima is the daughter of Ertugrul. If you want to know more about Ertugrul, then click on the link given above. Killed Khusrau in 1246 AD for non-cooperation, while he had three sons, Azizuddin Ruknuddin Kalij Arslan and Alauddin Ghiyasuddin.

Birth of the Ottoman Empire

At the time of Khusuru’s death, his eldest son was eleven years old. One of them divided the power among the three brothers to fight the Mongols and maintain unity. However, this strategy was not successful. Because the Mongols had already occupied a large part of Anatolia. And he made him his tribute. Azizuddin Kikos was defeated in the war and exiled.

Killed the second brother Alauddin Kikobat. And appointed the third brother Ruknuddin Kalij Arslan as the puppet sultan. Moreover, by executing his six-year-old son in 1265 AD, the Mongols completely covered the Sarjuk Empire. I was born in a new strong state of Turkish Muslims. This state was the Ottoman Empire. It guided the Muslims for more or less six hundred years.

Sultan Abdul Hamid II
Sultan Abdul Hamid II
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